Seralizing a Singleton - More on readResolve method

This refers to my earlier post on Sep 21 regarding Serializing a Singleton. Here are a few more pointers for readResolve method:
  • Use a readResolve method to protect the 'instance-control invariants' of singletons and other instance-controlled classes. Consider the following Singelton class

public class Elvis {
private Elvis() {
... // Remainder omitted

  • This class would no longer be a singleton if the words “implements Serializable” were added to its declaration.
  • If the Elvis class is made to implement Serializable, the following readResolve method suffices to guarantee the singleton property:

private Object readResolve() throws ObjectStreamException {
// Return the one true Elvis and let the garbage collector
// take care of the Elvis impersonator.
return INSTANCE;

  • A readResolve method is necessary not only for singletons, but for all other instance controlled classes.
  • A second use for the readResolve method is as a conservative alternative to the defensive readObject method.
  • Following readResolve method can be used in lieu of the defensive readObject method:

// The defensive readResolve idiom
private Object readResolve() throws ObjectStreamException {
return new Period(start, end);

  • The accessibility of the readResolve method is significant.
    • A readResolve method on a final class, such as a singleton, it should be private.
    • For a readResolve method on a non final class, consider its accessibility. If it is private, it will not apply to any subclasses. If it is package-private, it will apply only to subclasses in the same package. If it is protected or public, it will apply to all subclasses that do not override it.


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